网站公告
Notice:
常州裘天宝服装有限公司创建于2003年,是一家拥有自营进出口权的外向型出口企业。公司注册资本111.85万美元,产品以针织童装系列为主,远销美国、欧洲等国家和地区。
Ltd. was founded in 2003, is a self owned import and export rights of export-oriented enterprises in Changzhou. Company registered capital of 1 million 118 thousand and 500 U. S. dollars, the products are mainly knitted children's wear series, are exported to the United States, Europe and other countries and regions.
厂部地址:常州市天宁区劳动东路555号
Add:Changzhou City Tianning District Labor Road No. 555
联系电话(TEL):86-0519-85068176
        86-0519-85068219
传真号码(FAX):86-0519-88863325
企业邮箱(EMAIL):Donna.yan@qtb528.com.cn
企业网址(WEB):www.qtb528.com.cn

NEWS LIST

新闻中心
当前位置:首页(Index) > 资讯中心(News) > 行业资讯 Industry Information


衣服甲醛量超标 婴幼儿最易受伤

时间2016.04.27

装修污染中,罪魁祸首通常少不了甲醛。可我们穿的衣服上,为啥也有甲醛的影子?最近知名男装品牌杰克·琼斯在吉林长春被检测到甲醛超标,许多人因而疑惑:甲醛在生活中无处不在吗?它的杀伤力有多大呢?记者就此采访了专业人士。

  [现状]日常生活中甲醛很常见

  生活中,我们处处都可能与甲醛遭遇,衣服、食物以及化妆品中,都有甲醛。大连工业大学教授农绍庄介绍,室内的甲醛污染主要来自装修材料,比如人造板材、塑料地板、化纤材料、地毯等。另外,有的不法商贩将甲醛当作漂白剂、防腐剂使用,腐竹、牛肚、海参、鱿鱼、鸡爪等,就有可能用甲醛泡发。另外,甲醛也大量使用在纺织印染中。

  1 纺织品里为啥有甲醛?用来防皱、固色、阻缩

  我们穿的衣服里,为什么有甲醛?这要从甲醛的特性说起。农绍庄介绍,对纺织品来说,甲醛最主要的作用是防皱。棉织物,最大的麻烦就是出皱、缩水,再舒服的衣服,水洗后大量的皱褶会给人添加诸多麻烦。而甲醛能使棉花纤维里的纤维素分子长链发生交叉连接。也就是说,用甲醛处理过的衣服,水洗后不再起皱,也不会缩水了。

  使棉织物不出皱还不缩水,是甲醛的一大贡献,但因为甲醛有一定的毒性,使用过量或残留超标,危险也随之而来。由于用甲醛处理过的衣服不仅气味难闻,而且会使衣服的耐穿程度减弱,颜色也会逐渐发黄,所以免烫处理的最后一道工序是进行水洗。如果水洗工序完成得不彻底,服装中甲醛残留物就会超标,这样的衣服也会散发出刺激的味道。

  除可以防皱外,甲醛还随着颜色鲜艳的色素染料用于纺织品中。一些服装为保持印花和染色的耐久性,或为改善手感,需在面料中添加助剂,这些助剂通常是含有甲醛的。

  农绍庄介绍,生活中的纺织品,通常甲醛含量较高的有以下四类:一是经过防皱处理的纯棉织物;二是目前较为流行的胸前有涂料印花的T恤;三是衣物有衬布部分;四是黑色、深蓝色等颜色较深的涤纶织物。

  除服装外,化纤地毯也需添加纺织助剂,目的是增加颜色鲜艳度,所以地毯通常也有甲醛残留。“如果在限定范围内使用并进行科学的处理,将甲醛含量控制在规定范围内,加过甲醛的纺织产品也还是安全的。”农绍庄说。

  2 食品中怎么也有甲醛?泡毛血旺、海鲜,久放不腐

  据报道,重庆曾经发生一起用甲醛浸泡毛血旺的事件,近万斤毛血旺含有大量甲醛,毛血旺成为“毒血旺”。不法商贩之所以向毛血旺中添加甲醛,就是利用它“美容”和防腐的作用。农绍庄介绍,甲醛无色,有刺激气味,易溶于水。35%~40%的甲醛水溶液俗称福尔马林,具有防腐杀菌性能,可用来浸制生物标本、给种子消毒等。“这是因为它有防腐、让蛋白质变性、凝固等作用。”大连医科大学附属二院消化科医生李荣宽说。

  甲醛浸泡过的海鲜,看起来更加丰润,而且多日不腐;甲醛浸泡过的猪肚,形状也会更坚挺,外形更好看,较未泡过的保存时日更长。这都是利用了甲醛凝固蛋白的特性。“浸泡过甲醛的水产品表面会显得比较光鲜,食品的组织则因蛋白质变性,而呈均匀交错的类似橡胶结构,弹性好,保存时间更长,但在养分和味道上,都会大打折扣。”李荣宽说。

  3 家装材料中甲醛很常见?广泛存在于涂料、染料、板材中

  装修后房间有刺鼻的味道,大人小孩因此害病的报道常见诸报端,这其实也与甲醛有关。在各种装修材料中,甲醛起着什么作用呢?农绍庄解释,甲醛作为工业溶剂,广泛存在于涂料、染料、板材等装修材料中。普通人对甲醛的辨识,多以闻气味为主。味道越重,甲醛的含量可能就越高。家庭装修后及时开窗通风,能在一定程度上降低室内甲醛的浓度。但有专业人士表示,由于藏身在装修材料中的甲醛释放速度缓慢,如果残留超标的话,释放的时间可能需要数年,对人们健康的危害也是持续的。

  现在一些环保型的装修材料,提出”低甲醛“或”无甲醛”的概念。“以环保型油漆为例,它是经过特殊的工序处理,将其中的甲醛去除掉了。”农绍庄说,因为多了一道去除甲醛的工艺过程,环保型油漆的造价会高出普通油漆。而其他装修材料中,对残留的甲醛无去除处理,所以残留超标现象才较为常见。

  [危害]空气中游离甲醛危害大

  李荣宽介绍,甲醛已被世界卫生组织列为致癌物质,甲醛对人体健康的影响主要表现在嗅觉异常、肺功能异常、肝功能异常等方面。具体说来,甲醛主要通过三种方式进入人体:随着食品进入消化道,通过呼吸吸入,另外就是皮肤接触。长期接触过量的游离甲醛,可能引起鼻腔、呼吸道、眼睛以及皮肤的刺痛红肿,甚至引发血液疾病及消化道肿瘤等。

  吃含甲醛食物重者可能昏迷

  不小心吃了用甲醛浸泡过的食物,对身体会造成什么样的危害?李荣宽介绍,吃了用甲醛浸泡过的食品,如果甲醛含量过高,很可能会导致消化道疾病,引发胃肠肿瘤。这是因为,进入人体的甲醛,和蛋白质的氨基结合,使蛋白质变性,扰乱人体细胞的代谢,对细胞具有破坏作用。此外,食用含有甲醛的食品还会损害人的肝肾功能,可能导致肾衰竭。食用含有甲醛的食品会直接产生中毒反应,轻者头晕、咳嗽、呕吐、上腹疼痛,重者会出现昏迷、休克。

  儿童最易因甲醛污染致病

  装修材料的甲醛污染,在生活中最为普遍,它会通过呼吸道进入身体,引发各类疾病。李荣宽告诉记者,十几年前,曾遇到过装修工人患血液病的例子,病因就是工作中接触甲醛过多。经常听到这样的报道,一家三口入住新装修过的房间,大人没啥大碍,孩子却得了白血病,这是为啥?李荣宽解释,发育中的儿童造血系统活跃,抵御有毒物质的能力较差,所以最容易因甲醛污染致病。

  李荣宽介绍,室内空气中甲醛浓度较低时,儿童就会发生轻微气喘;稍有异味,就会有不适感;而到刺激眼睛,引起流泪,以及引起咽喉不适或疼痛时,这表明甲醛的浓度已经非常高了。“生活中我们更应警惕的是,闻不到味道的甲醛所带来的伤害,这是无形而且长期的。”李荣宽说,所以提醒入住新装修房间的市民,要请专业人士做出检测,同时保持开窗通风,以确保室内空气质量的安全。

  服装甲醛超标易引发皮炎

  相比装修材料中甲醛的危害,纺织品中的甲醛对我们健康的影响相对小些。但因为衣服长时间接触皮肤,尤其是婴幼儿皮肤细嫩,长时间穿着甲醛含量超标的服装,会因皮肤接触引发皮炎等疾病。另外,“甲醛的释放是缓慢的,服装中甲醛超标的话,还会通过人体的呼吸道,引发呼吸系统的病症,同时对眼睛也会产生刺激。”李荣宽说。

  链接 多数服装未标明甲醛含量

  《国家纺织品基本安全技术规范》将服装产品分作A、B、C三类,分别对应婴幼儿用品、直接接触人体皮肤产品和非直接接触人体皮肤产品,各自规定的甲醛含量上限为20mg、75mg和300mg。同时,在服装的吊牌上应该对各自类别进行标示,方便消费者鉴别选购。另据了解,从2010年1月1日起,西服、大衣等10种服装国家标准正式实施,规定甲醛含量必须在服装吊牌上明确标注。

  记者随机对消费者进行了访问,发现大多数人对这一系列规定毫不知情,仅有少数人知道A、B、C三大分类的具体含义。

  最为重要的是,在大量查看不同品牌和档次的服装后,记者发现,主流品牌服装标牌上均标注有类别字母,有的还附有中文注释,而一些小店铺所售服装则并无标注。二者的共同之处是,都未在吊牌上标出甲醛含量。

  一位从事服装行业多年的业内人士表示,衣服包含多种安全因素,不只是甲醛,还有ph值、色牢度等,这些方面国家都是有相关规定的,如果超标了,对人体健康是很不好的。

  市民在穿新衣服之前最好用清水充分漂洗,因为甲醛较容易溶解于水,其次充分晾晒。据《天府早报》、《半岛都市报》报道甲醛对人体危害中枢神经系统:麻醉并引起脑水肿眼部:视力下降甚至失明皮肤和呼吸道黏膜:刺激作用消化道:腹痛、呕吐,肝损害等甲醛的存在食品(应尽量禁止)有意:延长产品保质期。无意:多为发酵反应后的代谢物。黏合剂优点:具有加强人造板硬度、防虫、防腐的功能。但需严格控制含量,购买新家具后注意开窗通风。服装整理助剂优点:防皱、防缩、阻燃,保持印花、染色的耐久性和手感。至今仍未研发出可取代甲醛助剂的免烫整理剂。

Decoration pollution, the culprit is usually less formaldehyde. Can we wear clothes, why have the shadow of formaldehyde? Recently famous men's clothing brand Jack Jones in Jilin Changchun detected formaldehyde exceed the standard, so many people puzzled: formaldehyde is everywhere in life? It's damaging there? The reporter interviewed professionals.
Formaldehyde is common in everyday life.
In life, we are all possible with formaldehyde encounter, clothes, food and cosmetics, there are formaldehyde. Dalian Industrial University, Professor Shao Zhuang introduced, indoor formaldehyde pollution mainly from the decoration materials, such as artificial boards, plastic flooring, chemical fiber materials, carpets, etc.. In addition, some unscrupulous traders will use formaldehyde as bleaching agents, preservatives, Yuba, tripe, squid, sea cucumber, chicken and so on, it is possible to use formaldehyde foam. In addition, formaldehyde is also used in a large number of textile printing and dyeing.
1 textiles why formaldehyde? To wrinkle, solid color, shrinkage resistance
We wear the clothes, why there is formaldehyde, which is to start from the characteristics of formaldehyde. Shao Zhuang, the textile, the effect of formaldehyde is the main anti wrinkle. Cotton fabric, the biggest trouble is a wrinkle, shrink, and comfortable clothes, after washing a lot of wrinkles will add a lot of trouble to the people. And formaldehyde can cause the cellulose molecules in the cotton fiber to be connected with the long chain. That is to say, with formaldehyde treated clothes, after washing no longer wrinkling, also won't shrink.
So that the cotton fabric does not wrinkle is not shrink, is a major contribution to formaldehyde, but because the formaldehyde has a certain toxicity, the use of excess or residual excessive, the risk is also followed. Due to the use of formaldehyde treated clothes not only the smell, but also can make the wear clothes will be gradually weakened, the color yellow, so the last step is to wash wash and wear treatment. If the washing process is not complete, the garment will exceed the formaldehyde residue, so the clothes will be distributed to stimulate the taste.
In addition to wrinkle, formaldehyde with bright color dyes for textiles. Some clothing to maintain the durability of printing and dyeing, or to improve the feel, in the fabric to add additives, these additives usually contain formaldehyde.
Shao Zhuang, life in textiles, usually formaldehyde content was higher in the following four categories: one is the result of anti wrinkle treatment of cotton fabric; two is the most popular chest paint printing T-shirts; three clothing interlining; four is black, dark blue, deep color polyester fabric.
In addition to clothing, chemical fiber carpets also need to add textile auxiliaries, the purpose is to increase the brightness of the color, so the carpet usually have formaldehyde residues. "If used within a limited range and scientific treatment, the formaldehyde content control within the specified range, plus the textile products of formaldehyde is still safe." Agricultural Shao Zhuang said.
How are 2 food is formaldehyde? Bubble xuewang, seafood, long not rot
It is reported that Chongqing had occurred with formaldehyde soaked xuewang event, nearly Jin Mao xuewang contain large amounts of formaldehyde, xuewang become poison xuewang". The addition of formaldehyde to illegal traders xuewang, it is the use of "beauty" and antiseptic effect. Agricultural Shao Zhuang introduction, formaldehyde colorless, pungent odor, soluble in water. 35% ~ 40% of formaldehyde solution, commonly known as Faure Marin, has antiseptic bactericidal properties, can be used to dip biological specimens, to seed disinfection, etc.. This is because it has anti-corrosion, so that protein denaturation, coagulation, etc.." The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University Department of Gastroenterology physician Li Rongkuan said.
Formaldehyde soaked seafood, look more plump, but had not rot; formaldehyde soaked pork stomach, shape will be more strong, the appearance of more good-looking, less soaked save time longer. This is the use of the characteristics of the formaldehyde coagulation protein. "The water surface soaked in formaldehyde will be more bright, food organization due to protein denaturation, which is similar to the rubber structure, uniform cross elasticity, save time longer, but in nutrients and taste, will be greatly reduced." Li Rongkuan said.
3 home decoration materials, formaldehyde is common, widely exists in paint, dye, plate
After the renovation of the room has pungent taste, adults and children so sick reports often hit the newspapers, this is also related with formaldehyde. In a variety of decoration materials, formaldehyde play a role in the agricultural Shao Zhuang explained, formaldehyde as an industrial solvent, widely exists in paint, dye, plate and other decoration materials. Ordinary people on the identification of formaldehyde, more to smell the main odor. The heavier the taste, the higher the content of formaldehyde. Home decoration in a timely manner after the window ventilation, to a certain extent, reduce the concentration of indoor formaldehyde. But some professionals said that as a result of hiding in the decoration materials in the formaldehyde release rate is slow, if the residual excessive, the release of the time may be a few years, people's health hazards are sustained.
Some decoration materials of environmental protection now, puts forward the concept of "low formaldehyde" or "formaldehyde free". "Environmental protection paint, for example, it is through a special process, the removal of formaldehyde." Shao Zhuang said, because more than one way to remove the formaldehyde process, the cost of environmental protection paint will be higher than ordinary paint. And other decoration materials, the removal of residual formaldehyde free treatment, so the phenomenon is more common residual.
Harm of free formaldehyde in the air
Li Rongkuan introduction, formaldehyde has been the World Health GroupThe concentration of formaldehyde in indoor air is low, the children will have mild asthma; slight odor, there will be discomfort; and to stimulate the eyes, causing tears, and cause throat discomfort or pain, which indicates that the concentration of formaldehyde has been very high. "In our life, we should be more alert about the damage that can be caused by the smell of formaldehyde, which is invisible and long." Li Rongkuan said, so to remind the public to stay in the newly renovated room, to be asked professionals to make detection, while maintaining the window ventilation, to ensure the safety of indoor air quality.
Clothing formaldehyde excessive easy to cause dermatitis
Compared with formaldehyde in the decoration materials, formaldehyde in textile products is relatively small impact on our health. But because the clothes long time contact with the skin, especially delicate baby skin, formaldehyde content exceed the standard long time wearing apparel, will lead to diseases such as dermatitis due to skin contact. In addition, the release of formaldehyde is slow, excessive formaldehyde in clothing, then, but also through the human body's respiratory tract, causing respiratory diseases, while the eye will produce stimulation." Li Rongkuan said.
Link most clothing does not indicate formaldehyde content
The "national textile basic safety technical specifications" will be divided into A, B clothing products, C three, corresponding to infant supplies, direct contact with human skin products and non direct contact with human skin products, limit formaldehyde content of respective provisions for 20mg, 75mg and 300mg. At the same time, in the clothing tag should be on their category labels, convenient for consumers to identify purchase. It is understood that, from January 1, 2010 onwards, suits and coats and other 10 kinds of clothing formal implementation of national standards, formaldehyde content must be clearly marked on the clothing tag.
The reporter interviewed on consumers, found that most people on this series of provisions ignorant, only a few people know the specific meaning of A, B, C three classification.
Most importantly, the reporter found in a large number of view of different brands and grades of clothing, clothing label, mainstream brands are labeled with categories of letters, some with Chinese notes, and some small shops selling clothing are not marked. The two have in common is that all the formaldehyde content not marked on the tag.
A person engaged in the garment industry for many years in the industry said that the clothes contain a variety of safety factors, not only there is formaldehyde, pH value, color fastness and so on, these countries have the relevant provisions, if exceed the standard, it is not good for human health.
People wear new clothes before the best use of fully rinse water, because formaldehyde is more easily dissolved in water, then fully dry. According to the "Tianfuzaobao", "Peninsula Metropolis Daily" reports of formaldehyde on the human body harm the central nervous system: anesthesia and brain edema caused by eye: visual loss of skin and respiratory tract mucosa: stimulation of digestive tract: abdominal pain, vomiting, liver damage and other food formaldehyde (should be banned): to prolong the shelf life of the products. No intention: more metabolites after fermentation. The adhesive has the advantages of strengthening panel hardness, insect resistant, anticorrosive function. However, it is necessary to strictly control the content of the purchase of new furniture, pay attention to the ventilation window. Garment finishing agent has the advantages of anti wrinkle, shrink proof, flame retardant, keep printing and dyeing durability and feel. Has not yet developed a DP can replace the additive formaldehyde finishing agent.

| 发布时间:2016.04.27    

地址: 常州市天宁区劳动东路555号  电话(TEL):86-0519-85068176
Add:Changzhou City Tianning District Labor Road No. 555
企业邮箱(EMAIL):info@qtb528.com.cn 企业网址(WEB):http;//www.qtb528.com.cn
版权所有:常州裘天宝服装有限公司2006-2018  传真号码(FAX):86-0519-88863325
Copyright:Changzhou Fashion Garment Co., Ltd.2006-2018
苏ICP备06015463号-1
 这里是您的网站名称